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Choosing an approved certified electrician can bring numerous benefits for your electrical needs. Whether you require repairs or installation of new electrical systems, selecting a qualified and experienced professional with the right certifications can guarantee that the job is done safely and to a high standard.


In the UK, the electrical industry is regulated by various bodies that provide certifications to electricians who meet specific standards. At Tyneside Electrical the industrial electrician Newcastle, we are registered with The National Association of Professional Inspectors and Testers (NAPIT). They offer training, accreditation, and support services to their members to ensure they meet high standards of professionalism and competence in their work. NAPIT is also involved in promoting safety and industry standards through various initiatives and partnerships.


One of the primary advantages of choosing an approved certified electrician is the assurance that they have undergone rigorous training and possess the necessary qualifications to execute the job competently and safely. Typically, these certifications demand that electricians undergo intensive training and testing to verify that they possess the requisite knowledge and skills to work with electrical systems.

Circuit overloading: Overloading a circuit with too many appliances or devices can cause the circuit to trip or, in extreme cases, cause a fire.

Faulty wiring: Wiring problems can cause power outages, tripping breakers, and electrical fires. Faulty wiring can also cause electrical shocks.

Power surges: Power surges can damage electronics and appliances, and can also cause electrical fires.

Electrical shocks: Electrical shocks can occur when a person comes into contact with live electrical current. This can happen due to faulty wiring, exposed wires, or poor electrical workmanship.

Faulty switches and outlets: Faulty switches and outlets can cause electrical shocks and fires.

Electrical noise: Electrical noise can cause interference with electronic devices, such as televisions and radios.

Tripping breakers: Circuit breakers can trip when there is too much current flowing through a circuit. This can be caused by an overloaded circuit, faulty wiring, or a short circuit.

Flickering lights: Flickering lights can be caused by a variety of issues, including faulty wiring, loose connections, and outdated fixtures.

Poor grounding: Poor grounding can cause electrical shocks, as well as damage to appliances and electronics.

Damaged electrical cords: Damaged electrical cords can cause electrical shocks, fires, and other hazards.

Water damage: Water damage can cause electrical issues, including short circuits and electrical shocks.

Old and outdated electrical systems: Old and outdated electrical systems can be dangerous and inefficient, and may not meet current safety codes.

Incorrectly installed electrical equipment: Incorrectly installed electrical equipment can be dangerous and cause fires, electrical shocks, and other hazards.

DIY electrical work: DIY electrical work can be dangerous and can cause electrical fires, electrical shocks, and other hazards. It is always best to hire a licensed electrician for any electrical work.

To determine the amperage rating needed for an appliance, you can usually find it in the user manual or on a label attached to the appliance itself. Alternatively, you can calculate the amperage by dividing the appliance's wattage by its voltage. For example, an appliance with a rating of 1200 watts and 120 volts would require 10 amps (1200 watts / 120 volts = 10 amps). It is important to ensure that the circuit and electrical wiring can handle the amperage rating of the appliance to prevent overloading and potential damage to the appliance or the electrical system. It is recommended to consult a licensed electrician for any electrical work or installation of appliances.

In the UK, electrical sockets are designed to handle a maximum current of 13 amps. This means that any appliance plugged into a UK socket should have a current rating of 13 amps or less. If an appliance has a higher current rating, it may cause the socket to overload, potentially leading to electrical hazards such as overheating or electrical fires. It is important to check the amperage rating of appliances before plugging them into a UK socket and to ensure that the electrical system and wiring are capable of handling the load.

A heat pump is a device that transfers heat from one location to another using electricity, gas, or a renewable source of energy such as solar or geothermal. Heat pumps can be used for both heating and cooling, making them a versatile solution for climate control in residential and commercial buildings.

There are several types of heat pumps, including:

  • Air source heat pumps: These pumps extract heat from the outside air and transfer it to the indoor space, or vice versa. They are the most common type of heat pump and can be used in a wide range of climates.
  • Ground source heat pumps: These pumps extract heat from the ground and transfer it to the indoor space, or vice versa. They are more efficient than air source heat pumps, but they require a ground loop installation, which can be costly.
  • Water source heat pumps: These pumps extract heat from a water source, such as a lake or a river, and transfer it to the indoor space, or vice versa. They are less common than air and ground source heat pumps, but they can be very efficient in the right conditions.
  • Hybrid heat pumps: These pumps combine a heat pump with a conventional heating system, such as a furnace, to provide a more flexible and efficient heating solution.

Overall, heat pumps offer an energy-efficient and environmentally friendly way to heat and cool buildings. The type of heat pump that is best for a particular application will depend on factors such as climate, budget, and available energy sources.

A heat alarm and a smoke alarm are two different types of fire detection devices.

A heat alarm, on the other hand, is designed to detect a rapid increase in temperature. Heat alarms can be particularly useful in areas where smoke alarms may be prone to false alarms, such as in kitchens or garages. Heat alarms can detect heat using either a fixed-temperature sensor, which triggers the alarm when a predetermined temperature is reached, or a rate-of-rise sensor, which triggers the alarm when the temperature increases rapidly.

A smoke alarm is designed to detect the presence of smoke in the air, which is an early indicator of a potential fire. Smoke alarms work by using either an optical sensor, which detects smoke particles in the air, or an ionization sensor, which detects changes in the electrical current caused by smoke particles.

Difference between radio linked and interlinked smoke alarms:

There are two types of smoke alarms, those being interlinked and radio linked

Interlinked smoke alarms are hardwired to each other using a physical wire. When one smoke alarm detects smoke, it sends a signal to the other interconnected smoke alarms in the network, causing them all to sound simultaneously. Interlinked smoke alarms are typically connected to the building's electrical wiring, and some models may also include a battery backup.

Radio-linked smoke alarms, on the other hand, use wireless technology to communicate with each other. When one smoke alarm detects smoke, it sends a wireless signal to the other radio-linked smoke alarms, causing them all to sound simultaneously. Radio-linked smoke alarms typically use radio frequency to communicate with each other, and some models may also use other wireless protocols, such as Wi-Fi or Bluetooth.

An IP (Ingress Protection) rating is a standard used to define the level of protection provided by an electrical enclosure or housing against solid objects and liquids.

The IP rating is composed of two numbers: the first number represents the level of protection against solids, while the second number represents the level of protection against liquids.

The levels of protection for solids range from 0 (no protection) to 6 (complete protection against dust). The levels of protection for liquids range from 0 (no protection) to 9K (protection against high-pressure and high-temperature water jets).

Here are some common IP ratings and what they mean:

IP65: Dust-tight and protected against low-pressure water jets from any direction.

IP66: Dust-tight and protected against high-pressure water jets from any direction.

IP67: Dust-tight and protected against temporary immersion in water.

IP68: Dust-tight and protected against continuous immersion in water.

It is important to choose the appropriate IP rating based on the environmental conditions the electrical product will be exposed to, to ensure reliable and safe operation.

Tripping of electrical circuits is a common problem in UK households and can be caused by a number of factors. Overloaded circuits are a common cause of tripping.

This occurs when too many electrical devices are connected to a single circuit, causing it to overload and trip the circuit breaker. This is a safety feature designed to prevent overheating and potential fires.

Other common causes of tripping in the UK include faulty appliances, electrical faults, earth faults, and power surges. Faulty appliances such as old or damaged electrical devices can cause short circuits or electrical faults that may result in tripping. Electrical faults, such as damaged wiring or faulty electrical sockets, can also cause circuits to trip. Earth faults happen when an electrical current finds an alternative path to ground, such as through a person or damp surface, and can result in circuits tripping. Power surges, caused by a sudden increase in electrical current, can also cause circuits to trip.

To prevent tripping in the UK, it's important to ensure that your electrical system is properly installed and maintained. Here are some steps you can take to prevent tripping:

Avoid overloading circuits: Be mindful of the number of electrical devices that are plugged into a single circuit. Spread out your devices across different circuits to avoid overloading any one circuit. Consider having additional circuits installed in your home if needed.

Use surge protectors: Use surge protectors with built-in circuit breakers to prevent power surges from damaging your electrical devices and causing circuits to trip.

Replace faulty appliances: If you notice any of your appliances behaving abnormally, such as overheating or making strange noises, it may be time to replace them.

Faulty appliances can cause electrical faults and increase the risk of tripping.

Have regular electrical inspections: It's a good idea to have a qualified electrician inspect your electrical system regularly. This can help identify any potential issues before they become bigger problems.

Don't attempt DIY electrical work: Electrical work can be dangerous and should only be performed by a qualified electrician. Attempting DIY electrical work can increase the risk of electrical faults and tripping.

By following these tips, you can reduce the risk of tripping in your household and ensure your electrical system is safe and reliable.

Reducing energy bills in your household is not only good for your wallet, but it's also good for the environment. Here are some tips to help you save money on your energy bills:

  • Upgrade to energy-efficient appliances: older appliances are often less efficient and use more energy than modern appliances. Upgrading to new, energy-efficient models can save you money on your energy bills in the long run. Look for appliances with an A rating, which means they meet energy-efficiency guidelines set by the government.
  • Use energy-efficient lighting: LED bulbs use less energy and last longer than traditional incandescent bulbs. They may be more expensive upfront, but they can save you money over time. Also, remember to turn off lights when not in use.
  • Turn off lights and electronics when not in use: Many electronics use energy even when they're not in use. Turning off lights and electronics when you're not in the room or not using them can save you money on your energy bills. You may also consider installing timers or motion sensors to automatically turn off lights when no one is in the room.
  • Use natural light: Open your curtains and blinds to let in natural light instead of using artificial lighting. This not only saves energy, but studies show it can also improve your mood and productivity.
  • Use a programmable thermostat: A programmable thermostat allows you to set the temperature in your home based on your schedule. You can set the temperature to be lower when you're not home or sleeping, and higher when you're awake and active. This can save you money on your energy bills without sacrificing comfort.
  • Reduce water usage: Fixing leaky faucets, taking shorter showers, and only running the dishwasher and washing machine when they're full can all help reduce your water usage and save you money on your water bills.

Overall, these tips can help you reduce your energy bills and save money, while also being more environmentally friendly. By making small changes to your habits and upgrading to energy-efficient appliances and lighting, you can make a big difference in your energy usage and overall cost.

An Electrical Installation Certificate (EIC) is a legal document that certifies that the electrical installation work in a property has been completed in accordance with the relevant regulations and standards. The EIC is issued by a qualified electrician or electrical contractor who has carried out the electrical installation work and is responsible for ensuring that it is safe and compliant with the applicable regulations.

The EIC provides detailed information about the electrical installation, including the type of wiring used, the location of consumer units and switches, and the results of all electrical tests performed during and after the installation. The certificate also includes details about the electrician or contractor who carried out the work, including their qualifications, registration number, and contact details.

An EIC is an important document for property owners, as it demonstrates that the electrical installation work has been carried out to the required standards and is safe to use. It is also a requirement of the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989, which set out the legal obligations of employers and others in relation to electrical installations.

The EIC may be required by insurance companies or solicitors when selling or renting a property, and can also be used as proof of compliance with the regulations for the electrical installation work carried out. It is important to keep the EIC in a safe place as it may be required for future reference or for any future work on the electrical installation.

It is worth noting that an EIC is different from an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR). While an EIC certifies that the installation work has been carried out in compliance with the regulations, an EICR is a more detailed report that assesses the safety and condition of an existing electrical installation. An EICR is usually required at regular intervals to ensure that the installation remains safe and compliant.

An EICR (Electrical Installation Condition Report) is a detailed inspection and report on the condition and safety of an electrical installation. It is carried out by a qualified electrician who will visually inspect and test the electrical installation. The purpose of an EICR is to identify any potential hazards or defects that could pose a risk to the safety of the property and its occupants.

The inspection includes a thorough examination of all electrical systems and components, including wiring, circuits, switches, sockets, and other fixtures. The electrician will visually inspect all components to check for any signs of damage, wear, or corrosion. They will also use specialist equipment to perform a series of tests to check the condition and safety of the installation.

The tests will include checks for the polarity of the wiring, the earth fault loop impedance, and the overall insulation resistance. The electrician will also check the operation of the residual current devices (RCDs) and other protective devices to ensure that they are functioning correctly.

Once the inspection is complete, the electrician will provide a detailed report that highlights any areas of concern and identifies any necessary remedial action. The report will also include a classification code for each observation, ranging from C1 (immediate danger) to C3 (improvement recommended). The report will also include a schedule of the electrical components tested, the results of the tests, and any recommendations for improvement.

An EICR is recommended to be carried out periodically, usually every 5 to 10 years, to ensure that the electrical installation remains safe and compliant with current regulations and standards. It is also necessary to have an EICR carried out when installing a new electrical system or making significant alterations to an existing system.

In summary, an EICR is a detailed and comprehensive assessment of the safety and condition of an electrical installation. It provides valuable information to property owners and helps to ensure the safety of occupants.

Electrical fires are a serious concern, as they can cause significant property damage and even threaten human lives. Fortunately, many electrical fires can be prevented by identifying the common causes of these fires and taking appropriate preventive measures.

Common Causes of Electrical Fires

  • Overloaded Electrical Circuits: Overloading electrical circuits is a common cause of electrical fires. When too many electrical devices are plugged into a single circuit, the circuit can overheat, causing wires to melt and creating a fire hazard.
  • Faulty Electrical Outlets and Appliances: Electrical outlets, extension cords, and electrical appliances can become worn or damaged over time, leading to electrical arcing, sparking, and heating. This can also create a fire hazard.
  • Frayed or Damaged Wiring: Frayed or damaged electrical wiring can cause electrical shorts, which can lead to electrical fires.
  • Incorrect Electrical Wiring: Incorrect electrical wiring, such as using the wrong size of wire or not following proper electrical code, can also cause electrical fires.
  • Improper Use of Electrical Equipment: The improper use of electrical equipment can also cause electrical fires. Using outdoor equipment indoors or using an extension cord as a permanent power source can create a fire hazard.

Preventing Electrical Fires

  • Avoid Overloading Electrical Circuits: To prevent electrical fires caused by overloading electrical circuits, be mindful of the number of electrical devices you plug into an electrical outlet or circuit. Use power strips and extension cords as needed, but avoid overloading them.
  • Properly Maintain Electrical Outlets and Appliances: Regularly check electrical outlets, extension cords, and appliances for signs of wear and damage. Replace damaged cords or equipment and avoid using damaged equipment.
  • Have Wiring Inspected: Hire a licensed electrician to inspect the wiring in your home or business to ensure it is up to code and in good working condition.
  • Follow Proper Electrical Safety Procedures: Follow proper electrical safety procedures when working with electrical equipment, and always use equipment according to its intended purpose and environment.
  • Use Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs): Install GFCIs in wet areas such as kitchens, bathrooms, and outdoor outlets to protect against electrical shocks.

In conclusion, electrical fires can be prevented by taking appropriate preventive measures. By following the above guidelines and practicing proper electrical safety, you can greatly reduce the risk of electrical fires in your home or business. It is essential to remember that safety is always a top priority when dealing with electricity, and if you ever feel unsure about how to handle an electrical situation, seek professional help immediately.

RCD stands for Residual Current Device. It is an electrical safety device that is designed to protect against electrical shocks and fires caused by earth faults. An earth fault occurs when an electrical current finds an alternative path to ground, such as through a person or a damp surface. This can cause a dangerous electric shock and can lead to fires.

An RCD works by constantly monitoring the electrical current flowing through a circuit. If it detects any imbalance between the live and neutral currents, indicating that some current is flowing through an unintended path such as a person or a damp surface, it will quickly disconnect the circuit, cutting off the electrical supply and preventing an electric shock or fire.

In the UK, RCDs are required by law in most domestic and commercial electrical installations. RCDs can be installed in the main switchboard or in individual circuits. There are also portable RCDs that can be plugged into a standard electrical socket, providing additional protection against electric shock in areas where there is no fixed RCD protection.

It is important to test RCDs regularly (about every 3 months) to ensure that they are working correctly. This can be done by pressing the 'test' button on the RCD. If the RCD does not trip when the button is pressed, it may be faulty and should be replaced. It is recommended to have RCDs installed and maintained by a qualified electrician to ensure their proper functioning and safety.

There are 3 different types:

  • RCD Type A is a general-purpose Residual Current Device that protects against AC and pulsating DC earth fault currents. It is commonly used in domestic and commercial electrical installations and has a sensitivity range of 10mA to 30mA. RCD Type A is suitable for protecting against common earth fault scenarios and should be installed and maintained by a qualified electrician to ensure proper functioning and safety.
  • An RCD Type B is a type of Residual Current Device that provides additional protection against certain types of electrical faults, particularly those that occur in medical and industrial applications. They can detect and trip in response to smaller residual currents, including those caused by DC faults or pulsating DC currents, and are designed to work in harsh environments with high levels of electromagnetic interference or radio frequency interference. RCD Type B devices are more expensive than standard RCDs and are not required in most domestic or commercial electrical installations. They are essential in specialized applications where the risk of electrical faults and fires is particularly high.
  • RCD Type C devices are designed to provide additional protection against high-frequency electrical faults that may occur in equipment such as variable speed drives and power electronics. These types of faults can occur in industrial or commercial settings where complex electrical systems are in use. RCD Type C devices are typically more expensive than standard RCDs and are not required in most domestic or commercial electrical installations, but may be essential in specialized applications where high-frequency electrical faults are a particular concern.

Updating your consumer unit can offer several benefits:

  • Improved safety: Modern consumer units are designed to meet the latest safety standards and regulations, offering better protection against electrical hazards such as electric shocks and electrical fires.
  • Increased capacity: An updated consumer unit can have a higher capacity and be better equipped to handle the electrical demands of modern appliances and devices.
  • Enhanced functionality: A new consumer unit may have additional features such as surge protection or residual current devices (RCDs), which can provide added protection for your electrical system and appliances.
  • Compliance with regulations: If your existing consumer unit is old or outdated, it may not meet the latest electrical regulations. Updating to a new consumer unit can help ensure compliance with these regulations.

Overall, updating your consumer unit can provide peace of mind, increased safety, and improved functionality for your electrical system, making it a worthwhile investment for many homeowners.

Rewiring a house can offer several benefits, including:

Improved Safety: One of the most significant benefits of rewiring a house is improved safety. Old or faulty wiring can cause electrical fires, shocks, and other hazards. Rewiring your home with modern wiring and electrical systems can help reduce these risks.

Increased Energy Efficiency: Modern electrical systems are designed to be more energy-efficient, and rewiring your house can help you reduce your energy bills. You can install energy-efficient lighting, appliances, and electrical systems that consume less energy, reducing your energy costs in the long run.

Greater Reliability: Rewiring your house ensures that your electrical system is up-to-date and reliable. You can avoid electrical disruptions and outages caused by faulty wiring or outdated electrical systems.

Improved Home Value: If you plan to sell your home, rewiring your house can increase its value. Homebuyers are often willing to pay more for a home that has updated electrical systems and modern wiring.

Accommodate Additional Electrical Demands: Rewiring your house can help you accommodate additional electrical demands, such as installing a home theatre or charging stations for electric vehicles. You can also add outlets and switches in convenient locations throughout your home.

Overall, rewiring your house can provide several benefits, including improved safety, energy efficiency, reliability, and home value. It is a wise investment that can save you money in the long run and make your home more comfortable and convenient.

If you would like discuss more about full or partial rewiring projects, call our expert electricians in Tyne and Wear

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